The Selectivity is no longer a qualifying test because practically all students pass it. So much so that last year 247,000 candidates appeared in the ordinary call and 233,000 approved. More than leaving students by the wayside, what the exam does is order them when it comes to pre-registering for the desired career. In the extraordinary edition, of playoffs, 42,000 showed up and 33,000 passed. This Monday the tests have begun in Madrid, Cantabria, Murcia and La Rioja; and on Tuesday it will be the turn of Aragon, Navarra, the Valencian Community, Extremadura, Galicia, the Balearic Islands and Asturias. This year there are no changes in its content (less rote) or in the correction, the first will arrive next year due to the implementation of the new organic law on education, the Lomloe. The following guide tries to clarify the most common doubts about the process.
How is the test structured?
Students have to take four compulsory subjects: the common ones for all high school graduates in the second year (Castilian Language, History of Spain and Language, for the majority, English) and the main one of the specialty they have chosen: Mathematics II (in the Science itinerary); Mathematics Applied to the Social Sciences (Social Sciences); Latin (Humanities) or Fundamentals of Art (Arts). In the autonomies with a co-official language, they must be examined in addition to that language and its literature.
Applicants who intend to enter a career that requires a very high entrance grade can take up to four more exams (chosen from the rest of the core subjects taken) to raise their grade (up to 14). Graduates of Advanced Vocational Training and Higher Artistic Education who want to make the leap to university do not need to take the EVAU to enter, but if they want to improve their average grade for the degree they can take these optional tests. The EVAU is divided into three days, except in Madrid and the Canary Islands, which is four.
How are the tests scored?
The exams are graded from 0 to 10. To pass you must achieve at least a four average in the compulsory exams. That note will, in turn, be averaged with that of the Baccalaureate: the first account for 40% of the qualification and the second, 60%. That rating (between 5 and 10 points) can be raised to 14 thanks to the optional exams. A student can take up to four tests to raise a grade, but only the two best grades are taken into account. The general average does not drop if these optional exams are suspended, the candidate maintains the average grade of the four compulsory subjects.
The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training establishes a maximum date in which the final grade of the applicants must be known and each community decides within that period of days how to organize its calendar of claims and pre-registration at the university. This has unleashed an epidemic of inflation of outstanding in the centers, to ensure that students enter the desired grade. In two out of three cases the note is no longer an outstanding (9 or 10) as in the center, and that since 2015 the maximum scores in the EVAU have doubled.
Computing is complex to understand and the University of Zaragoza has a search engine for you to do your own calculations. Is this. also our Colleague Antonio Nieto explains it in this video.
How do you know if the note is enough to enter the desired career?
When the pre-registration process is over, the candidates are ordered according to the access grade, from highest to lowest, until all positions are filled. If the note is in position 45 and there are 35 places, the applicant is left out. As it is not yet known how many people and with what grade they will request each race, it is not possible to know in advance what qualification will be needed, but search engines such as EL PAÍS are used to orient themselves, with which the cut-off marks of all are known. degrees from public universities and their affiliated centers from the previous year.
But that score is not the final one, there are students who resign because they opt for another degree or finally get a place in the same degree at a university that is more convenient for them, and this invariably causes the entrance grade to end up dropping a few tenths in subsequent calls that They last until September in many cases, even in the defendant Medicine there are students who arrive with the course started.
For this reason, the rectors claim that, just as the EVAU note is valid for admission to any Spanish university, there should be a single enrollment record for all public campuses. Private universities require passing the Selectividad, but not a specific note, and the most competitive ones do their own entrance exams for the most demanded careers.
Who writes and corrects the exams?
The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training sets the general criteria for each exam, its duration, the types of possible questions (open, semi-open or closed response), its parts, what content corresponds to each one and what portion of the final grade of the exam represent. For example, in the Language exercise, there must be three parts, which must be worth 40%, 30% and another 30% of the grade, respectively.
Most of the communities leave the organization and design of the tests in the hands of their public universities. These appoint, among their specialists, commissions with coordinators responsible for each subject, and on many occasions high school teachers also participate, although the person responsible for the final writing is the university teacher. It is these specialists who set, together with each exam proposal, the correction criteria, which are agreed upon with the Baccalaureate teachers. The National Distance University (UNED) has developed this course, with the help of ChatGPT, the German exam and they will see how it works in the correction, although the final grade is given by the evaluator.
Professors from public institutes, and in some cases also from universities, make up the correction courts and are in charge of guarding the exams, monitoring the tests and correcting them. The exercises are coded, they are anonymous to avoid fraud, since the proofreaders do not know who they are correcting.